A Trip To Historic City Athens

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If we speak of the oldest city with documented history and available evidence of their work, we will probably find no one older than the Greek civilization. There are numerous stories about the various aspects of the country. The capital of the country, Athens, happens to be one of the most glorious cities in the world. It has been established such that it was worshiped by men and Gods alike. It can be said that modern civilization took birth in Greece and Athens played an important part in it.

Athens has been the place of birth of some of the finest minds in the history of mankind. It is actually the birthplace of democracy and sowed the seed of the civilization that we see today. The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most notable structures that has passed through the generations of human beings and still reminds us of the glory and ascension of Athens and Greece. It was proposed as one of the seven modern wonders of earth as well.

A trip to Athens or Greece is nothing less than a trip to the pages of history. The ancient architectures are still present, many of them partially demolished, but still bearing the message from the past. The major construction, such as the Parthenon, which happens to be one of the iconic constructions of Athens, speaks of the rich history and culture of the city. The most interesting part about visiting Greece is that there is no specific attraction within the country. When you are in Athens, you will be able expecting various archaeological and historical museums which will speak about the history of the place and also about the various aspects of their art, culture and lifestyle. What really sets Athens apart from the rest of the world is that, even though there are museums and various other places to visit within the city, the city as a whole is living museums in itself. Numerous constructions and various designs can be found all across the city. They have their own story to tell and add to the pages of history of Athens. Make sure you plan your trip long enough to soak up all of it, or as much as it is possible.

Athens has played an important role not in the medieval times; the city has contribution to the modern world as well. One of the most remarkable of all contributions is the Olympic Games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in the year 1896. Let us not forget the fact that the English that we speak and the alphabets that we write have major contribution from Greece. It is in fact the Greek alphabets that are in use in English in the modern times. Even the word “alphabet” is combination of the words “alpha” and “beta”, the first two Greek letters. It simply shows ho greatly the Greek civilization influenced the development of the western civilization, art and culture.

While planning a trip to Athens, remember that not all that seems old happens to be old in this city. The medieval style and the contemporary designs were very much in use till much later in time. Even when the new city of Athens was built, the contemporary architectural style was followed.

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Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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Media Influence – The Effects Media Has on Each of Us – Without Us Being Aware of That

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Many people do not realise how much media affects us in our daily lives. We are literally controlled by media: it determines the way we dress, what we eat and what lifestyle we pursue. Many people spend hours just flicking through channels till their bedtime.

Although we may not realise, it is media that makes us feel the way we feel, which is usually depressed, having no purpose in life and just feeling sad. The more you watch TV or listen to radio news, the more disasters you will hear, e.g. that someone was killed in your neighbourhood or that times are hard. Media forms the way we think and we let the media do this.

From my personal experience I can tell you that I have not watched TV for two years now. As soon as I stopped watching it, I instantly became happier. Instead of watching TV or flicking through newspapers I spent my time reading about how to acquire wealth, how to be healthy and positive. The absence of the influential media changed my life. I became a different person – I stopped gossiping, judging people, I became much more positive and happy. To tell you the truth, I did not have a bad day since I stopped being involved in the media.

But then many would argue that it is impossible to disengage from media as we would be not updated on current situation etc. But I would rather CHOOSE what I wish to be updated on by using on-line search engines, rather than just turn on the TV only to be bombarded by the depressing information.

Why do we always hear more negative than positive information on TV? Why do we feel sad, angry and insecure after watching news? Sometimes I think that society is kept in fear by such ways. Then common people are discouraged to achieve more, to start their own business because the media tells them that now the economic situation is disastrous and many businesses fail. I think it is ridiculous when people take everything that is told for granted.

The way many people live can be summed up in a few sentences: they work for someone else, they go home, eat, watch TV and sleep. Then on weekends they go shopping for cheap stuff to spend all their money in useless ways only to find themselves in debt after a few days of getting salaries. Then they go on vacation for a week or two once a year.

That is not life. That is a horrible loop they are stuck in. To break away from such life means to change habits. Change the habit of listening to media to doing something useful in that time. Reading is always good. Reading how to acquire wealth was my favourite pastime.

If yo do not like to read, buy educational tapes or DVDs, attend seminars. These are interactive and very useful ways to acquire knowledge and change your life. When you stop listening to the media, you will find yourself happier, healthier and wealthier. You will travel much more often, meet interesting people, maybe even start a new relationship. Things will change – I will guarantee you this. Get rid of this negative influence and you will change your life for good.

Do not hesitate to email me with your feedback on my articles! Thank you for taking time to read this post.

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